Chinese shadow play has a long history and the primitive form of shadow play emerged in the Han Dynasty (200 BC) over two thousand years ago. Shadow theatre became quite popular as early as the Song Dynasty when holidays were marked by the presentation of many shadow plays.By the Tang Dynasty (618 AD), shadow play came into being on the basis of a popular temple preaching and folk talking and singing art, Bianwen (a popular form of narrative literature flourishing in the Tang Dynasty, with alternate prose and rhymed parts for recitation and singing (often on Buddhist themes). In the 13th century, the shadow show became a regular recreation in the barracks of the Mongolian troops. It was spread by the conquering Mongols to distant countries like Persia, Arabia, and Turkey. Later, it was introduced to other Southeastern Asian countries. Shadow play is a traditional performing art that integrates shadow, art, paper cutting, sculpture, dance, music, talking and singing. The shadow puppets and scenes of shadow plays use donkey skin as the film base and are completed through fine carving, colorful dyeing and painting with Chinese wood oil. Various facial makeups and statues in different shapes are extremely lifelike. In 2011, Chinese shadow play was listed in the representative works of the intangible cultural heritage of mankind.