DETAILS

2018-01-17 10:25:50

Details
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Konghou (Chinese Harp)
Konghou has a long history of more than two thousand years. In ancient China, there were three types of konghou, namely the wo-konghou (horizontal konghou), shu-konghou (vertical konghou) and phoenix-head konghou.
Konghou has a long history of more than two thousand years. In ancient China, there were three types of konghou, namely the wo-konghou (horizontal konghou), shu-konghou (vertical konghou) and phoenix-head konghou. Konghou lost its popularity in late 14th century and gradually disappeare  dafter that.There were efforts to replicate Konghou back in 1930s, and in 1959, a replica of Konghou in the Ming Dynasty was made by Beijing Musical Instrument Research Institute through extensive research. Its range is broad, its sound is soft and clear, and it has a strong expressive force. In addition to its use to play ceremonial music (court music), konghou also prevailed among the ordinary people. The ancient Chinese konghou was passed into Japan, Korea and other neighboring countries during the glorious age of Tang Dynasty (618-907). The tuning of Konghou adopts the twelve-tone equal temperament seven-tone C flat major scale. The main technical difference between konghou and the harp is that konghou additionally uses the trembling technique (from Guzheng) that brings more changes in tone; konghou has two rows of strings, and the paired strings on opposite sides of the instrument are tuned to the same note, which makes it more convenient to play fast melodies and overtones, and allows the synchronous use of left and right hands when playing melodies. Konghou is now often used for solo, ensemble and accompaniment for songs and dances, and it is also applied in large national orchestras.


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